There are many different species and types of termites in Australia, but the most destructive and devastating are subterranean termites. They are the type that most commonly infest wood in buildings and cause millions of dollars worth of damage yearly. Understanding and protecting against subterranean termites will save you not only time and money, but loads of frustration as well.
What do subterranean termites look like?
In general, termites have a three-segment body, 6 legs, short straight antennae, and a thick waist, as opposed to the cinched waist of an ant. Only the reproductive caste, known as alates, have wings. There are many different species of subterranean termites and each have distinguishing characteristics. One of the worst pest species is coptotermes acinaciformis, which is native to Australia. The soldier caste of this termite species can grow from 5-7 mm in length, which is slightly larger than some of the other native species. They also have more rectangular shaped heads that are yellow with dark, smooth mandibles. However, since telling termite species apart is difficult, homeowners would be best advised to get professional help anytime a termite infestation is suspected.
Where do subterranean termites live?
Subterranean termites are found all over the world, and across all of Australia. They typically make nests in the ground so that they have access to an easy source of moisture. Without moisture, these termites are not very successful. Subterranean termites will use the soil to create tunnels and tubes to other areas where they can find food. Mud tubes, which are created from soil, faeces, saliva, and wood particles allow the termites to move from their nest to trees, stumps, and homes, while still remaining in a safe, humid environment. Unfortunate homeowners will see these tubes, similar in size to pencils, built from the ground to the foundation of the home.
When are subterranean termites most active?
Termites forage most often during periods of warm, wet weather. In times of drought, the colony will experience little activity. In contrast, hot summer rain storms can cause heavy activity and foraging. Due to this behavior, certain tropical areas in Australia, including coastal Queensland, usually experience heavy termite activity levels year round.
Sunshine Coast Termite Control
If you see signs of termite activity around your home, contact the pest professionals at Radar Pest Control. Our expert technicians can inspect your home and property, identify problem areas, and establish measures to get rid of termites and keep them away for good. For Sunshine Coast pest control, trust Radar Pest Control to get the job done right!